What is bone resorption and why does it happen?

Bone resorption is a process by which specialized cells break down the bone and release its minerals.

The function of the maxillary and mandibular bones is to support the teeth. When we loose one or all of our teeth, because of decay, gum disease, trauma, etc., the bone that supported the lost teeth looses its purpose and the process of bone loss or bone atrophy begins. The aesthetic and functional consequences of bone resorption can be dramatic. Bone loss is greatest during the first months after a tooth is lost, and it can be accelerated by the use of full or partial dentures due to the pressure they exert on the gums and underlying bone.

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